David the King - inspired author of many of the Psalms
- fell into grievous sin described in 2 Samuel 11.

After a word of reproof from Nathan and the shock of discovering his state before God
- he was inspired to write this deeply affecting plea for recovery, inward cleansing and purity.


Psalm 51

1 ¶  To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.

Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness:
according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.

2  Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

3  For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.

4  Against thee, thee only, have I sinned,
and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.

5  Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

6  Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts:
and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

[twxj here 'inward parts' is cited as a reference to deep and intense inward feelings, David prays for purity in them too,
symbolised by the kidneys and perhaps other internal organs]

7 ¶  Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
[hyssop (Ex 12.22) is a reference to the sprinkled blood of an atonement,
and looks forward to the Messiah's great Passover work at the cross]

8  Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

9  Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.

10  Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

11  Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.

12  Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.

13  Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

14 ¶  Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.

15  O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.

16  For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
[For the sins he had committed, adultery and murder - no ordinary offering was available]

17  The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

18  Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

19  Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering:
then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.
[The sacrifice of true praise and worship]

Islam/ The Satanic verses

The land of Israel

Christian anti-Semitism