Fellowship of Being -
Father, Son and Spirit, the three-in-oneness of the
Godhead - commonly
called the Trinity
God, His Spirit and His Word each active participants in Creation
Divine Council in Creation of man, in the banishment and in the
destruction of Babel. Gen.1.26, 3.22 ,11.7.
Compound Unity of Divine Essence Gen.11.1, Deut.6.4.
Distinction between the Messenger of Yahveh, identified as Yahveh,
and Yahveh the Sender. Gen.18.1,13,17,22,33 Gen. 19.24 and
The Unseeable Yahveh is seen, worshipped, talked to, eaten with,
and wrestled with in the Person of His messenger. Exod 33.20
Who is this but His Word? - which is precisely what Messiah
Origin of the Son of God
The Eternal wisdom of God 'begotten' (khololti
before and joyful
participation in Creation Prov.8.24,22-23.
The Son's omnipotent engagement in works of God, ascent and
The goings forth of the Ruler to come from Bethlehem from
(perpetual days) Micah 5.8.
His second begetting (from death) is ascribed to a day.Ps.2.7.
Job sees that His kinsman-Redeemer/Avenger (Goel) lives!
of the Holy Spirit
Spirit sore vexed. Isa.63.10
The Spirit of God the cause of Israel's rest Isa.63.14
The immediate source of courage, counsel, wisdom, repentance,
and victory. 1 Sam.11.6,16.13, 1 Ki. 22.24, Zech.12.10, Zech.4.6.
from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any
understand, that did seek God.
Every one of
is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none
doeth good, no, not one.
Flattery will not do! Faithful prophets didn't plaster over
A hideous stain from conception, inherent in all Adam's
without exception, till the Virgin born. Ps.51.5, 53.2-3, 58.3,
15.14, Isa 48.8, Pr 22.15.
depravity of the will
Puppets of Satan and the flesh by nature: Isa.59.2-15
But your iniquities have separated between you and your
your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.
For your hands are defiled with
and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies,
hath muttered perverseness.
None calleth for justice, nor
pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they
mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
They hatch cockatrice’ eggs,
the spider’s web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that
crushed breaketh out into a viper.
Their webs shall not become
neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their
works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.
Their feet run to evil, and
haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of
wasting and destruction are in their paths.
The way of peace they know not;
there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them
paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.
Therefore is judgment far from
neither doth justice overtake us: we wait for light, but
obscurity; for brightness, but we walk in darkness.
We grope for the wall like the
and we grope as if we had no eyes: we stumble at noonday as in
night; we are in desolate places as dead men.
We roar all like bears, and
like doves: we look for judgment, but there is none; for
it is far off from us.
For our transgressions are
before thee, and our sins testify against us: for our
are with us; and as for our iniquities, we know them;
In transgressing and lying
LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and
conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.
And judgment is turned away
and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the
equity cannot enter.
Yea, truth faileth; and he that
departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw
it, and it
displeased him that there was no judgment.
of God's Word
God's Covenant messenger - Yahveh in the flesh. Mal.3.1,
The same is worshipped and adored as God -Gen.18.2 (3 messengers,
one bowed to and addressed as Lord (majestic plural of Lord
singular suffix to 'thy eyes' and the rest of the clause)),
Josh.5.14 - in a way that is utterly immoral and wrong for any
created being (Ex 34.14,
birth of the eternal Son, who is described as the
- a title otherwise reserved for YHWH
Isa. 7.14 A most distinctive
'sign', both from Heaven and on Earth - its manifestation denied
Ahaz for his unbelief.
The word Almah may certainly
used of a virgin (Ge 24.43), and the
usually more distinctive word for virgin Betulah is once used
married woman (Joel 1.8),
presumably because of the recent loss of her virginity.
This mysterious child Emmanuel is the One to Whom the land
belongs Isa.8.8 and 10.
This same Son, spoken of as being wonderfully given at the
Israel's future deliverance, Isa. 9.6-7 (5-6 in Hebrew text,
child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government
shall be upon
his shoulder: and his name shall be called
Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting
Prince of Peace.
There are two aspects to this same doctrine:
the Fall of all men
the Fall of Adam, since a covenant was
broken by him, who was a federal head - Hosea 6.7 ('like Adam'),
the headship of
true David, 'the Beloved', (Ps.89.1-3, Isa 55.1-4), in a
covenant, both like (in constitution) and unlike (in moral effect)
by which spiritual circumcision is administered (Ezek.37.24-26,
4.4, Ezek.44.9), sin no longer imputed (Ps.32.1, Isa 54.6-10),
and on the basis of His vicarious atonement in blood (Ex 24.8,
Zech.9.11 - the suffix is feminine indicating that the covenant is
with Zion's daughter).
necessity of a blood atonement for sin
This is often strongly contested by Orthodox Jews today on the
texts like Ps.40.6 and Hosea 6.6, in the light of the Divinely
loss of the Temple,
Toviah Singer for example claims repentance and good works are a
Each of these texts speak of the insufficiency of a blood
itself without true repentance. Psalm 51.16 speaks of a sin so
egregious that Levitical atonement could not remove it.
The fact remains that as Michael Brown has well argued in some
on the subject, the shedding of blood is essential for true
see Numbers 25.13, 2 Samuel 24.25,
For ' it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.'
Even some Orthodox Jews recognise this and offer up an
chicken sacrifice (kapporot
near Yom Kippur, in the face of the devastating loss of the
covenant in blood.
These words are reportedly
, 'This is my
is my substitute, this is my atonement.
This rooster/hen will go to its
(or this money will go to charity), while I will enter and
proceed to a
good long life and to peace
The Muslim feast of Eid al Adha, the holiest day in Islam's
a pale reflection of Yom Kippur and also unconsciously provides a
shadowy witness to this reality,
even though Muslims often deny the necessity of a blood atonement
sin - it also takes place on the 10th day of a lunar month.
When an offerer confesses his sin, lays his hands on the head of
animal to be offered then slits his throat and pours his blood
who will deny that the animal has figuratively borne the
curse of the offerer?
If the penalty of sin is, 'in the day you eat of it dying you
die' how else can the sinner escape death but by the death of
to whom he is bound by covenant?
Was not this precisely what Moses and David requested, that they
be blotted out or die in place of the people they
Note how the Lord presses Moses to intercede (Ex 32:10) and Moses
the way to their judgement with his own life Ex. 32.32,
2 Sam 24.17 (David's last recorded act in Samuel) 2 Sa 18:33 (on
of his vile son).
Why did God punish David's son for his trangression, (2
when he forbids earthly judges from the same (Deut 24.16)?
Note again how one man's death was taken as an atonement for many
others. Num. 25.13-14.
exaltation and eternal sovereignty of the Messiah, in
and to His
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the
shall be upon his shoulder:
and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God
The Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end,
the throne of David,
and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with
and with justice from henceforth even for ever.
The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
(Isa. 9.6-7 (5-6 in Hebrew))
A Psalm of David.
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I
thine enemies thy footstool.
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou
the midst of thine enemies. (Ps.110.1-2)
I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my
this day have I begotten thee.
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine
the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.
Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in
pieces like a potter’s vessel.
Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the
Serve the LORD
fear, and rejoice with trembling.
an immediate surrender to and worship of the Messiah
for deliverance from sin
he be angry, and ye perish from the way,
kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their
trust in him.
Hebrew translations differ, but the Aramaic word for 'Son' is also
in Solomon's Proverbs.
What is the circumcision
of the heart needed by all?